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Coltura Promiscua

Coltura Promiscua

Mixed intensive farming in the middle of Italy, “classical” vertical layers in vegetation consisting of trees, bushes and ground cover are very much in evidence.

Source: MEEUS et al. (1990),… [read more]
Coltura Promiscua in France

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This technique is known since the Antiquity.

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Dehesas in France

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Dehesas always existed but are now tremendously diminishing and are being replaced. This evolution is mainly due to the increase of intensive agriculture, to the development of enclosed fields and to the high level or urbanisation.

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Delta landscapes in France

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The Delta du Rhône was formed 10.000 years ago by the penetration and decline of the sea and the edification of sandy spits.

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Enclosed land in Croatia

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Enclosed land in Czech Republic

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In broad definition = landscapes partitioned by stonewalls and balks in a more or less regular pattern

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Enclosed land in France

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Enclosed land in Germany

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Enclosed land in Greece

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Enclosed land in Italy

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Enclosed land in Netherlands

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Enclosed land in Norway

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Enclosed land in Slovakia

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Enclosed land in Spain

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Second half of the 14th century: reference of semi-openfields in Mondoñedo (Galicia)
First reference in XVIII century (Bouhier, 1979)
Boom: XIX and first half of XX century
After 1950s: Intensive systems
1960s: Breaking-up with traditional farming
1970s: Agricultural policy
1980s: Expansion of forestry
1986: Spain joins EU: milk and meat production development

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Enclosed land in United Kingdom

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Fallow land in France

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It started around the year 1000 after JC.

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Farmland in France

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The Neolithic Revolution leading from nomadic to sedentary lifestyle has engendered an evolution from hunter-gatherer to sheep and cattle breeding, the cultivation of wheat and barley grains, on the territory of France around the 5th Century before JC. From this period on man works and plough the soil.

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Farmland in Slovakia

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Hay making structures in France

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Hay making structures in Germany

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Hay making structures in Hungary

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Hay making structures in Italy

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Hay making structures in Netherlands

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Hay making structures in Norway

Hay making structures have been a common feature in the Norwegian agricultural landscape for a long time. As cool and regionally quite wet climatic conditions are unfavorable for cultivation of plant crops, animal husbandry has always been an important part of Norwegian agriculture, especially towards the north of the country where plant production gets increasingly difficult. [Read more]

Hay making structures in Slovakia

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Hay making structures in Slovenia

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Dr. Anton Melik was the first researcher of hayracks. He describes the development of hayracks with following words:

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Highlands in Slovakia

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Moorland in Germany

under construction, further information will be added later

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Orchards in Slovakia
  • Fruit-growing in Slovakia has a long tradition. The natural and climatic conditions enable cultivation of varied cultivar, especially plum trees that were cultivated in ancient times.
  • Archaeological findings demonstrate that apple trees, pear trees, peach and plum trees have been grown since 4-5 thousand years B.C. [Read more]
Pasture in Slovakia

A  very  important  argument  for  creating  a culinary tourism  related  to  the  milk products  making  in Slovakia  is  truly  a  long  tradition  which  extends  to  the  prehistoric  times. It is indirectly proven by the archaeological findings of sheep bones and ceramics for straining coagulated milk discovered in the Domica cave which date back to 2,000 years BC (Matlovičová, Pompura, 2013).

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Terraced landscapes in Croatia

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Terraced landscapes in Croatia

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Terraced landscapes in France

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Artificial terraced landscape date back early and historical findings prove wine cultivation at the rivers through Romans. They already used prepared terraces for the cultivation.

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Terraced landscapes in France

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Artificial terraced landscape date back early and historical findings prove wine cultivation at the rivers through Romans. They already used prepared terraces for the cultivation.

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Terraced landscapes in Germany

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Terraced landscapes in Germany

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Terraced landscapes in Netherlands

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Terraced landscapes in Netherlands

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Terraced landscapes in Norway

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Terraced landscapes in Norway

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Terraced landscapes in Slovakia

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Terraces for agricultural land use were established primarily during the Walachian colonisation wave between the 14th and 16th centuries in Slovakia (Stankoviansky, 2003). They either arose spontaneously as a result of long-term plowing of linear plots on milder slopes or they were built intentionally on steeper slopes to prevent soil erosion and movement of sediments downslope during the storm situations (Stankoviansky, 2007).

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Terraced landscapes in Slovakia

The entries are still in process, the e-atlas is still under development

 

Terraces for agricultural land use were established primarily during the Walachian colonisation wave between the 14th and 16th centuries in Slovakia (Stankoviansky, 2003). They either arose spontaneously as a result of long-term plowing of linear plots on milder slopes or they were built intentionally on steeper slopes to prevent soil erosion and movement of sediments downslope during the storm situations (Stankoviansky, 2007).

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Terraced landscapes in Slovenia

The entries are still in process, the e-atlas is still under development

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Terraced landscapes in Slovenia

The entries are still in process, the e-atlas is still under development

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Terraced landscapes in Spain

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Terraced landscapes in Spain

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Terraced landscapes in United Kingdom

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Terraced landscapes in United Kingdom

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Vine yards in Slovakia

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Water grasslands in Czech Republic

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There are wetlands, waterlogging permanent pastures or meadows, but it is not controlled irrigation to increase agricultural productivity. Generally waterlogging meadows had been created by natural way. (High level of ground water, closeness of rivers or water reservoirs). Then water meadows have been created in places, where was interrupted melioration or after compacting of soil due to huge pressure on the soil profile.

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Water grasslands in France

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Most of these meadows have always been maintained by traditional and extensive practices such as grazing and mowing for the production of hay.

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Water grasslands in Germany

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Water grasslands in Norway

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Water grasslands in Slovakia

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Wooded grasslands in France

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For this entry, the example of the Var region in the South East of France has been taken.

 

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Wooded grasslands in Germany

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Since stone age known, that people have eaten fruits.

highest importance in Germany: 19th and 20th cent.

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Wooded grasslands in Italy

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Wooded grasslands in Netherlands

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Wooded grasslands in Norway

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Wooded grasslands in Slovakia

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Grass covered mosaics originally tended towards mixed system. We have distinguished 2 types of the grass covered mosaics:

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