Water grasslands

Water grasslands are meadows and pastures with a certain water flooding regime in order to 1. have an earlier (spring) harvest and 2. increase productivity.

Source: Elaborated by EUCALAND network for project purposes
These meadows are irrigated in order to improve their productivity, The Netherlands (Photo: Hans RENES)

These meadows are irrigated in order to improve their productivity, The Netherlands (Photo: Hans RENES)

Database entries for Water grasslands

The entries are still in process, the e-atlas is still under development

There are wetlands, waterlogging permanent pastures or meadows, but it is not controlled irrigation to increase agricultural productivity. Generally waterlogging meadows had been created by natural way. (High level of ground water, closeness of rivers or water reservoirs). Then water meadows have been created in places, where was interrupted melioration or after compacting of soil due to huge pressure on the soil profile.

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The entries are still in process, the e-atlas is still under development

 

Most of these meadows have always been maintained by traditional and extensive practices such as grazing and mowing for the production of hay.

The entries are still in process, the e-atlas is still under development

Water meadows are a traditional cultural landscape with origin in the 12th century. A system of small canals/ditches and small lakes (Weiher) have been created, in order to collect water from houses, streets and stables which shall be brought into the meadows in order to increase their productivity. [Read more]

The entries are still in process, the e-atlas is still under development

 

The importance of irrigation for productivity of meadows and other farmland was early recognized politically. Subsidy schemes for irrigation were introduced from the early 20th century on, and became very regular around the Second World War (Borgedal[Read more]

The entries are still in process, the e-atlas is still under development