Landscape Categories

Definition

Water grasslands are meadows and pastures with a certain water flooding regime in order to 1. have an earlier (spring) harvest and 2. increase productivity.

Source: Elaborated by EUCALAND… [Read more]
Definition

Wooded grasslands are grazed land with trees - on pastures, meadows, grasslands. That include orchards, montados, dehesas, Streuobstwiesen. That does not include plantages, grazed forest, pastoral… [Read more]

Definition

(1) This form of land use is plasticized on terraces in order to maximize insolation. Terraces are typical for the whole Mediterranean. Typical plants: wine grapes, olive- and fruit trees (2)… [Read more]

Definition

Hay making was and still is connected to certain temporary as well as permanent structures. That include: Temporary structures (with subtype on water meadows) and non-permanent structures.… [Read more]

Definition

Enclosed landscape, small, often rectangular strips of land, lumped piecemeal, some smaller than half a hectare, each enclosed by hedgerows or low stone walls in a gently sloping landscape. Ex.:… [Read more]

Definition

(1) “The Deltas of southern Europe are intensively cultivated areas, comparable in this respect with the Polders of NW Europe. (…) They are open landscapes with concentrations of rural and urban… [Read more]

Definition

Dehesas (Spanish), see also Montados (Portugese): The Dehesa systems are genuine forms of exploitation of the Mediterranean forests in which the native trees, holm oak, oak and cork oak, are… [Read more]

Definition
Land, that is used by several / all people/farmers of an area. Common land exist still today, e.g. in mountain regions (e.g. the Alps) or on transhumance pathways. Pasture or woodland owned and… [Read more]
Definition

Mixed intensive farming in the middle of Italy, “classical” vertical layers in vegetation consisting of trees, bushes and ground cover are very much in evidence.

Source: MEEUS et al. (1990),… [Read more]
Definition

Fallow land = idle land = waste land: (1) Agricultural land, where no agricul-tural production takes place; or temporarily between two crops. (2) Previously worked land, left uncultivated for… [Read more]

Definition

= arable (farm) land, cropland, infield: Land which can be used/ is used for growing crops with no or nearly no trees. Different kind of borders are characteristic of farmland, such as: hedges,… [Read more]

Definition

Field is an area of land that is enclosed or otherwise defined for example by use, wheat field, corn field, grass field, used for agricultural purposes such as: cultivating crops, usage as a… [Read more]

Definition

(1) Heaths are shrub land habitats characterised by open, low growing woody vegetation, found on mainly infertile acidic soils, or on respectively poor soils. They are similar to moorland, but… [Read more]

Definition

(1) “(…) rough, empty and abandoned. (…) mountains and hills influenced by extremely wet conditions (up to 2000 mm of rain per year). Land use is limited to forestry below the tree line on… [Read more]

Definition

On the seaside boundaries of the vast, dry Mediterranean open land, regions of intensive cultivation are found. They are intersected by irrigation ditches and are often terraced. Vegetables and… [Read more]

Definition

Dutch term: The fields are somewhat larger and more uniform than those of the Bocages but still have a patchwork quality to them. Kampens have generally cool, marine climate conditions, Ex.… [Read more]

Definition

A meadow is a field vegetated primarily by grass and other nonwoody plants. It may be cut for hay. Normally it is not used for livestock grazing.

Source: Definition elaborated by the Eucaland… [Read more]
Definition

The Mediterranean open fields varies quite distinctly from region to region although it still remains open land. Nowadays the open Mediterranean land is almost completely treeless; the flattened… [Read more]

Definition

see also Dehesas (Spanish): Orchard pastures, sought in the felling and overgrazing of old forests on hilly terrain. A shortage of water prevents permanent agricultural use. Originally: animal… [Read more]

Definition
Moorland or moor is a type of habitat characterised by low growing vegetation on acidic soils. Moorland nowadays generally means uncultivated hill land. There exist two main types of moorlands: a)… [Read more]
Definition

"... wide undulating plains with a regular pattern of large rectangular parcels of land. Farms are concentrated in villages. The remainder of the landscape is empty.” Ex.: large parts of France,… [Read more]

Definition

Plantation fields with planted fruit cultivation/fruit trees (apples, apricots etc.); special version: extensive fruit cultivation on meadows with a higher number of fruit trees.

Source:… [Read more]
Definition
Land that needs artificial drainage systems to remove excess water. Ex. NL Tract of land near, at or below sea-level re-claimed from the sea by dyking and draining. Source: (1) Definition elaborated… [Read more]
Definition

"Realteilung” translates to a family’s possessions, especially land and real estate, which are divided equally among the beneficiaries in real term: the number of smaller and smallest lots… [Read more]

Definition

(1) Countryside: “Rural areas are sparsely settled areas without significant large cities or towns. The countryside refers to certain forms of landscapes and land uses where agriculture and… [Read more]

Definition

A variation of the bocage can be found in FR (Massif Central) and ES (Galicia). More or less enclosed, not all of the fields are demarcated, but sometimes there are hedgerows, or trees. There is… [Read more]

Definition

(1) A vineyard is a plantation of grape bearing vines, grown mainly for winemaking, but also for raisins, table grapes and nonalcoholic grape juice. The science, practice and study of vineyard… [Read more]

Definition

(1) Pasture (also grassland or paddock) is used in contrast to meadow for primarily grazing, which may include grassland (“grass pasture”), but also includes nongrassland habitats such as… [Read more]

Definition

Mountains are formed through tectonic forces or volcanism. These forces can locally raise the surface of the earth as peaks or larger geographical areas. The natural vegetation is clustered in… [Read more]