Iskanje

Coltura Promiscua in Francija

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This technique is known since the Antiquity.

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Dehesas in Francija

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Dehesas always existed but are now tremendously diminishing and are being replaced. This evolution is mainly due to the increase of intensive agriculture, to the development of enclosed fields and to the high level or urbanisation.

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Krajina rečnih delt in Francija

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The Delta du Rhône was formed 10.000 years ago by the penetration and decline of the sea and the edification of sandy spits.

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Enclosed land in Hrvaška

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Enclosed land in Češka

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In broad definition = landscapes partitioned by stonewalls and balks in a more or less regular pattern

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Enclosed land in Francija

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Enclosed land in Nemčija

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Enclosed land in Grčija

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Enclosed land in Italija

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Enclosed land in Nizozemska

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Enclosed land in Norveška

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Enclosed land in Slovaška

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Enclosed land in Španija

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Second half of the 14th century: reference of semi-openfields in Mondoñedo (Galicia)
First reference in XVIII century (Bouhier, 1979)
Boom: XIX and first half of XX century
After 1950s: Intensive systems
1960s: Breaking-up with traditional farming
1970s: Agricultural policy
1980s: Expansion of forestry
1986: Spain joins EU: milk and meat production development

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Enclosed land in Združeno kraljestvo

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Fallow land in Francija

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It started around the year 1000 after JC.

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Kmetijska-poljedelska krajina in Francija

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The Neolithic Revolution leading from nomadic to sedentary lifestyle has engendered an evolution from hunter-gatherer to sheep and cattle breeding, the cultivation of wheat and barley grains, on the territory of France around the 5th Century before JC. From this period on man works and plough the soil.

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Kmetijska-poljedelska krajina in Slovaška

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Hay making structures in Francija

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Hay making structures in Nemčija

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Hay making structures in Madžarska

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Hay making structures in Italija

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Hay making structures in Nizozemska

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Hay making structures in Norveška

Hay making structures have been a common feature in the Norwegian agricultural landscape for a long time. As cool and regionally quite wet climatic conditions are unfavorable for cultivation of plant crops, animal husbandry has always been an important part of Norwegian agriculture, especially towards the north of the country where plant production gets increasingly difficult. [Read more]

Hay making structures in Slovaška

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Hay making structures in Slovenija

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Dr. Anton Melik was the first researcher of hayracks. He describes the development of hayracks with following words:

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Višavja in Slovaška

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Moorland in Nemčija

under construction, further information will be added later

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Sadovnjaki in Češka

complex issue

18th century when planting of fruit trees at arable land took place

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Sadovnjaki in Francija

Some writings about orchards in France dating from the 16th Century have been found.

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Sadovnjaki in Slovaška
  • Fruit-growing in Slovakia has a long tradition. The natural and climatic conditions enable cultivation of varied cultivar, especially plum trees that were cultivated in ancient times.
  • Archaeological findings demonstrate that apple trees, pear trees, peach and plum trees have been grown since 4-5 thousand years B.C. [Read more]
Pašniki in Slovaška

A  very  important  argument  for  creating  a culinary tourism  related  to  the  milk products  making  in Slovakia  is  truly  a  long  tradition  which  extends  to  the  prehistoric  times. It is indirectly proven by the archaeological findings of sheep bones and ceramics for straining coagulated milk discovered in the Domica cave which date back to 2,000 years BC (Matlovičová, Pompura, 2013).

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Terasasta krajina in Hrvaška

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Terasasta krajina in Francija

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Artificial terraced landscape date back early and historical findings prove wine cultivation at the rivers through Romans. They already used prepared terraces for the cultivation.

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Terasasta krajina in Nemčija

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Terasasta krajina in Nizozemska

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Terasasta krajina in Norveška

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Terasasta krajina in Slovaška

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Terraces for agricultural land use were established primarily during the Walachian colonisation wave between the 14th and 16th centuries in Slovakia (Stankoviansky, 2003). They either arose spontaneously as a result of long-term plowing of linear plots on milder slopes or they were built intentionally on steeper slopes to prevent soil erosion and movement of sediments downslope during the storm situations (Stankoviansky, 2007).

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Terasasta krajina in Slovenija

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Terasasta krajina in Španija

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Terasasta krajina in Združeno kraljestvo

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Vinogradi in Slovaška

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Water grasslands in Češka

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There are wetlands, waterlogging permanent pastures or meadows, but it is not controlled irrigation to increase agricultural productivity. Generally waterlogging meadows had been created by natural way. (High level of ground water, closeness of rivers or water reservoirs). Then water meadows have been created in places, where was interrupted melioration or after compacting of soil due to huge pressure on the soil profile.

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Water grasslands in Francija

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Most of these meadows have always been maintained by traditional and extensive practices such as grazing and mowing for the production of hay.

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Water grasslands in Nemčija

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Water grasslands in Norveška

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Water grasslands in Slovaška

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Gozdni travniki in Francija

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For this entry, the example of the Var region in the South East of France has been taken.

 

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Gozdni travniki in Nemčija

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Since stone age known, that people have eaten fruits.

highest importance in Germany: 19th and 20th cent.

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Gozdni travniki in Italija

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Gozdni travniki in Nizozemska

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Gozdni travniki in Norveška

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Gozdni travniki in Slovaška

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Grass covered mosaics originally tended towards mixed system. We have distinguished 2 types of the grass covered mosaics:

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